Bachata is a Latino genre of music that originated in the mountains of Puerto Rico by Odilio Gonzales. Then by Jose Manuel Calderon in Dominican Republic in the early parts of the 20th century with the European, Indigenous and African descendants in the country and spread to other parts of Latin America and Mediterranean Europe. It became widely popular in the countryside and the rural neighborhoods of the Dominican Republic. Its subjects are often romantic; especially prevalent are tales of heartbreak and sadness. The original term used to name the genre was amargue (“bitterness”, “bitter music”, or “blues music”), until the rather ambiguous (and mood-neutral) term bachata became popular. The form of dance, bachata, also developed with the music.